This video provides a broad overview of autism which includes a range of neurodevelopmental disorders which delay the development of many skills, especially social and communication skills. While the exact cause of autism is unknown, research suggests that a combination of genetic and environmental factors can lead to the development of autism in certain individuals. There are certain factors which can increase the chance that someone develops autism, including a family history of the condition, being male, having older parents, being born extremely prematurely, and the presence of certain other disorders.
The video then provides examples of symptoms which autistic individuals may display, usually being observed by the age of two. Symptoms include problems with social communication (e.g., poor eye contact and facial expression, failure to respond to auditory cues, and difficulty with verbal and non-verbal communication) and limited and repetitive patterns of behavior (e.g., performing repetitive movements, fixating on an object or activity, performing activities that cause self-harm, and an increased or decreased sensitivity to sensory inputs).
Finally, the video covers what the process to diagnose autism entails and the possible treatments that are available for individuals who have been diagnosed are. There is no specific test for autism, but rather a series of tests that cover skills and behaviors of the individual, and a list of criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual. Treatment options include different types of therapy, such as behavioral therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, family therapy, and educational therapy.
Autism Spectrum Disorder, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment by Medical Centric
Initial Release Date: Dec 24, 2018
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